BP ll said:
You can't give advice without having made a judgement, it's impossible unless you're a shoddy practitioner.
Theraists should ever make "judgements" in the way most people use the word - judgements are usually subjective, from the person's experience and opinions.
Judges make judgements based on years io experience in an objective environment, any judge who makes judgenments based on personal values needs sacking and dragging into court him or herself.
Psychotherapy ideally relies on careful selection of stable candidates, education, mentoring with monitored experience and, finally, lots of actual experience of increasingly more important and complex problems,, still with assessments afterwards. Takes years to do it properly. And one of the reasons they often charge a lot and are scarce in nationalised health systems.
Ok, they can state opinions, but only if they can back them up with evidence and comparative examples. It's an imprecise art, never a science at the coal face of the human condition. Every client is unique but, maybe, shares enough characteristics and behaviours to put them into a "group" that can also share similar therapeutic techniques to find enough of a solution to give relief. Hopefully.